Breeding hard red winter wheats for winter hardiness and high yield
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Breeding hard red winter wheats for winter hardiness and high yield

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Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Wheat -- Genetics.,
  • Wheat -- Research.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby Karl S. Quisenberry and J. Allen Clark.
SeriesTechnical bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 136, Technical bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 136.
ContributionsClark, J. Allen b. 1888., United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
The Physical Object
Pagination28 p. :
Number of Pages28
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23002542M

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G. Francois Marais, Hard Winter Wheat Breeder Office: Loftsgard Hall H Phone: () E-mail: @ This program focuses on the development of new winter wheat varieties that are adapted to the northern Prairies and have improved winter-hardiness, disease resistance, yield and processing quality.   Six hard red winter lines were advanced to the WSU Extension Uniform Cereal VT Program for dryland hard wheats and one hard red and one hard white breeding lines were advanced to the VT irrigated hard wheat nursery. Over soft and hard winter wheat crosses were made in the GH during the crop year and planted in the field in fall of Winter wheat (usually Triticum aestivum) are strains of wheat that are planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that remain in the vegetative phase during the winter and resume growth in early spring. Classification into spring or winter wheat is common and traditionally refers to the season during which the crop is grown. For winter wheat, the physiological stage of. With traditional breeding technology, a wheat breeding program would require about 7 or 12 years for spring or winter wheat, respectively, before a new variety is ready for commercial release.

Wheat, Hard Red Winter Jim Anderson, Jochum Wiersma, Gary Linkert, Catherine Springer and Susan Reynolds 44 Winter wheat varieties were com-pared in trial plots at Crookston, Lamberton, Roseau and St. Paul. A trial also was planted at Waseca, but there was too much winterkill at that location to provide meaningful yield data. The winter hardiness ratings of most winter wheat varieties registered in Western Canada are good to excellent. Producers who farm in areas of the Prairies outside the Chinook belt should be particularly vigilant in selecting a variety with good winter hardiness. Also, if recommended seeding practices are compromised, such as late seeding or seeding into [ ].   Fourteen hard red winter wheat cultivars were planted in both conventional-till and no-till systems. Significant cultivar x tillage interactions were obtained for grain yield from both a weighted analysis across all environments and from individual analyses of 12 of the 16 environments in which wheat survived under both tillage systems (PCited by: important traits. Winter wheat varieties are available with good adaptation to all production areas in Western Canada. When selecting a variety that is best suited for your farming operation, important traits to consider include: winter hardiness, disease resistance, yield potential, market opportunities, and lodging resistance.

Breeding for higher FN requires that we identify and control other factors that add to the variation in the results, as we have learned to do for grain yield. 7. Are particular market classes and/or varieties more or less susceptible to low FN? In general, hard red wheat is more tolerant of PHS than soft white wheat. ular variety of hard red winter wheat in Kansas in , were developed by Dr. Rollin Sears, leader of the wheat breeding project at Kansas State University in Manhattan. The wheats were evaluated by the crop performance project headed by Mr. Kraig Roozeboom. All production practices (seeding date, seeding rate, fertilization, and harvesting File Size: KB. Other articles where Hard red winter wheat is discussed: cereal processing: Wheat: varieties and characteristics: intermediate in character include the hard red winter (HRW) wheats of the central United States and wheat from Argentina. There are important differences between spring and winter varieties. Spring wheats, planted in the early spring, grow quickly and are normally harvested in. The Hard Winter Wheat Regional Performance Nurseries serve as the primary means by which U.S. hard wheat breeding programs test new breeding lines and exchange germplasm. Without this program, breeding progress will be inhibited, to the detriment of all aspects of the U.S. wheat breeding, production, marketing and utilization systems.